Students always struggle with remembering the various uses of each Latin case, even after/if you’re able to convince them to pay attention to the uses of cases. In my experience, they have the most trouble remembering the uses of the ablative and the genitive cases. I have attempted various strategies to help students remember the uses of these cases. I have given them a list of all the uses of each case with a brief explanation and example of each, and I have suggested clues that will help students remember (like that the ablative of agent must be with a passive verb). These seem harder to remember for students. The strategy that seems to have been most successful for helping students remember the uses of cases has been to create a word web for students to use:
For this web, I have separated the uses of the ablative case into various categories (in black font). The uses of the ablative are in red (or black) and clues for the uses of the ablative are in orange. The categorization works very well for places, time words, things, people, and abstract nouns; but other rarer uses of the ablative, like attendant circumstance, are less easily categorized. Students have loved this chart and it has really helped them translate Latin more quickly.
There are two downsides of this: it is a little bit of a crutch, and it doesn’t work as well for other cases (a similar genitive chart is less successful).
What are other ways have you used to help students understand the cases better?